FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Getting to Hawaii
Daniel K Inouye International Airport (HNL) on Oahu is Hawaii's major airport, serving as the entry point for most of Hawaii's visitors. All major domestic carriers and international carriers serve Oahu, so you can get here from just about anywhere.
There are also direct flights from the mainland to Maui, Kauai, and Hawaii Island, connecting through Oahu to get to the neighbor islands is also an option.
For more information on Hawaii’s airports, visit http://hawaii.gov/dot/airports/visitor-info
Can I use my valid foreign driver's license to drive in Hawaii?
Yes. Your valid driver's license is good for one year from the entry date on your passport.
Can I use my cell phone while driving in Hawaii?
No. You may not use any electronic handheld device while driving. This includes phones, cameras and mp3 players. Holding a phone at a stoplight or while paused with the engine running is considered a violation and you will receive a ticket. Fines vary according to island and can be as high as $150.
You may use a Bluetooth headset or hands-free device with your cellphone.
What's the speed limit in Hawaii?
The speed limit varies from 10 miles per hour (mph) in tiny lanes and 25 in most residential neighborhoods to 60 mph on some freeways.
What should I do if I am in an auto accident?
If you are in a collision, the first step is to call the police at 911 to file a report or to contact emergency fire or ambulance services. Do not leave the scene until after the police are finished. You may need to contact your rental car company.
What are the helmet laws?
• All riders 17 years old and younger must wear a helmet.
• Bicycles– All riders 15 years old and younger must don a helmet.
• Motor Scooters & Motorcycles– Helmets are required for all riders 17 years old or younger.
Does my child need a child safety seat?
Most rental car providers have child safety seats available for rent.
• All children under the age of four must be secured in a Federally-approved child safety seat.
• All children between the ages of four and seven must ride in either a booster seat or a car seat. Children 4'9'' or taller or those riding in vehicles with lap-only seat belts in rear seats are exempt.
Weather in Hawaii is very consistent, with only minor changes in temperature throughout the year. There are really only 2 seasons in Hawaii: summer (called Kau in Hawaiian) from May to October and winter (Hooilo) from November to April. The average daytime summer temperature at sea level is 85º F. (29.4 C) while the average daytime winter temperature is 78º (25.6º C). Temperatures at night are approximately 10º F. lower. The islands are an incredible collection of diverse micro-environments, each with its own unique weather, plants, and animals. As a result of the shielding effect of volcanic mountains and the differences in weather found at various elevations, you can find tropical rain forests, cool alpine regions, arid deserts, and sunny beaches - all within the span of just a few miles.
Water and Surf Conditions
Hawaii's near-shore water temperatures remain comfortable throughout the year. The average water temperature is 74º F. (23.3 C), with a summer high of 80º F. (26.7º C). Wave action varies dramatically between island coasts and seasons. Summer waters are typically gentle on all beaches. During the winter on many north shore beaches, Pacific storms drive ocean swells towards the islands, creating Hawaii’s legendary big waves.
Wave conditions are often very localized, so if the waves are too big on your beach, you can usually find calmer water at a more sheltered beach. Strong currents can make any beach unsafe at any time during the year, particularly in the winter. Ask your hotel staff or a lifeguard about ocean currents or look for warning flags and posted beach conditions.
Most of the rain falls in the mountains and valleys on the windward (northeastern) side of the islands. It is these passing showers that create Hawaii’s rich, green, tropical environment.
The wettest months are from November to March, but winter rains do not generally disrupt vacation plans, since the weather is very localized. This means that if it is raining where you are, there is almost always a sunny spot to be found around the coast.
In Hawaii, we are fortunate to enjoy the comfortable weather cooled by the trade winds. Named for the winds that once carried ships around the globe, these gentle breezes keep our island weather just right during most of the year, but can become gusty and dangerous on occasion.
From January through March, the trade winds are less frequent and the islands experience the humid conditions referred to as "Kona weather." Kona winds is the local term for stormy, rain-bearing winds. Under extreme conditions, Kona winds can cause extensive damage.
Please heed all weather warnings before hiking, swimming, sailing, or participating in any outdoor activities.
Vog is the local term for "volcanic fog" and it describes the hazy air pollution that occasionally hangs over the islands. Vog is caused when sulfur dioxide and other gasses from Kilauea's Halemaumau Crater (Big Island of Hawaii) mix with moisture in the air and sunlight. Under extreme conditions—when the volcano is active and the winds carry the fumes north to the rest of the island chain—vog can be hazardous to plants, animals and humans. The most common effects are headaches, watery eyes and breathing difficulties. These effects can be especially pronounced in people with respiratory conditions and young children. It is not advisable to exercise or participate in strenuous outdoor activities when the vog is very heavy. Depending on your personal sensitivity, you may want to learn more about vog before traveling to Hawaii Island and visiting Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.
Want to know what the vog conditions are around the island? Check your local news weather report.
Not all hazy conditions are caused by vog. If you see a white mist along the coast, it could simply be salt spray hanging in the air. Or if it's hazy along the mountains in the morning, chances are you're looking at moisture in the air from the updrafts along the ridges.
Hawaii's Mountains and Volcanoes
Many visitors are drawn to the natural beauty found in higher elevations. While a light jacket and casual clothes will serve you for most of your trip, you will need warmer clothing if you plan to hike Haleakala on Maui where the temperatures average 40°F- 60°F (5° - 16°C). On Maunakea on Hawaii Island it can get as cold as 12° F (11°C) after sundown. Mountain campsites such as Kokee State Park and Hawaii Volcanoes National Park can also be extremely chilly so check with park officials before camping.
Hawaii uses the United States dollar as its currency. Exchanging money in Hawaii is as simple as using an ATM (automated teller machine), however, it’s helpful to exchange some of your currency before you travel so you’ll have money for cab fare and other incidentals.
Recently, U.S. currency has been reissued with new safety features, so there are many different varieties of bills and coins in circulation. U.S. paper bills come in $1, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 denominations. (Please note that some small stores and fast food outlets in Hawaii will not accept bills over $20.)
U.S. coins include the penny (1 cent), nickel (5 cents), dime (10 cents) and quarter (25 cents). There are also $1 coins but they are not used very often and can be easily mistaken for quarters.
Bring your debit card and you can withdraw cash from an ATM. The machine handles the currency exchange for you, and the service fee may be less than a bank. ATMs also accept credit cards for cash advances, but the foreign exchange fees may be higher, so check with your bank prior to traveling.
If you will be conducting business or making large purchases, many Hawaii banks have international banking divisions.
Shopping & Dining
The majority of stores and restaurants in Hawaii accept cash, debit and credit cards. Checks and travelers checks are accepted at some locations, but it’s best to check with the merchant first. If you are shopping with an international credit card, please check with your financial institution regarding currency exchange rates and international transaction fees.
Tips are customary and appreciated for good service. U.S. guidelines are 15-20% on served meals, at least $1 per bag for porters and at least $1 per night for housekeeping.
Hawaii Standard Time
Hawaii follows Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time (HAST) which is 10 hours behind the Coordinated Universal Time (UCT-10). It is 5 hours behind Eastern Standard Time and 2 hours behind Pacific Standard Time. Hawaii does not observe Daylight Savings Time so add one extra hour to the time difference during this period (March through November). For the current time in Hawaii, click here.
Getting Married in Hawaii
For any person to lawfully marry in the State of Hawaii, a license must be obtained from an authorized agent. Once the license has been issued, there is no waiting period before the marriage can take place. Go to http://hawaii.gov/health/vital-records/vital-records/marriage/index.html for complete details. Marriage License Information: 808-586-4545
Hawaii’s two official languages are Hawaiian and English. The melodious Hawaiian language is a Polynesian dialect and only has 13 letters. Vowel sounds are generally pronounced as follows:
a ah, as in "saw"
e ay, as in "say"
I ee, as in "see"
o oh, as in "so"
u oo, as in "soon"
A few words you should know:
Aloha: A greeting with love, Hello, Good-bye and more
Hula: traditional Hawaiian dance
Mahalo: Thank you
Lei: A flower garland given for an occasion
Driving Times and Distances
Kauai – Driving Times from Lihue Airport to:
Fern Grotto: 20 minutes
Haena: 1 hr. 15 min
Kapaa: 25 min
Kilauea: 45 min
Poipu/Koloa: 30 min
Princeville: 1 hr
Spouting Horn: 30 min
Wailua Falls: 15 min
Waimea: 45 min
Waimea Canyon: 1 hr. 15 min
Oahu – Driving Times from Waikiki to:
Daniel K Inouye Int’l Airport (HNL): 20 min
Hanauma Bay: 30 min
Iolani Palace: 15 min
Kailua: 30 min
Ko Olina Resort: 45 min
North Shore: 1 hr
Nuuanu Pali Lookout: 20 min
Pearl Harbor: 30 min
Polynesian Cultural Center: 1 hr
Turtle Bay: 1 hr. 15 min
Waimea Valley: 1 hr.
Maui – Driving Times from Kahului Airport to:
Haleakala: 1 hr. 50 min
Hana: 2 hr. 30 min
Iao Valley: 25 min
Kaanapali: 50 min
Kapalua: 1 hr
Kihei: 25 min
Lahaina: 45 min
Wailea: 35 min
Wailuku: 10 min
Island of Hawaii – Driving Times from Kona International Airport to:
Akaka Falls State Park: 2 hrs 10 min.
Hapuna Beach Park: 30 min
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park: 3 hrs. 15 min.
Kailua-Kona: 15 min
Kealakekua: 45 min
Keauhou: 25 min
Onizuka Center for International Astronomy: 2 hrs
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historic Park: 1 hr
Waimea: 45 min
Waipio: 1 hr 30 min
Driving Times from Hilo International Airport to:
Akaka Falls State Park: 30 min
Hapuna Beach Park: 1 hr 45 min
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park: 45 min
Kailua-Kona: 2 hrs 30 min
Onizuka Center for International Astronomy: 1 hr
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historic Park: 3 hrs
Waimea: 1 hr 30 min
Waipio: 1 hr 30 min
The baggage claim area of the Honolulu International Airport is located on the lower (ground floor) level of the Main Terminal. You can get there on the free Wiki-Wiki (Hawaiian for fast, speedy) Shuttle, or by walking and following the signs. It’s less than a 10-minute stroll if you want to stretch your legs.
Lihue, Kauai; Kahului, Maui; Kaunakakai, Molokai; Lanai City, Lanai; & Hilo and Kona Hawaii
Directions to baggage claim areas are clearly posted. The luggage carousels are located on the ground floors of all terminals and are a short walk away.
Connecting Flights from Honolulu, Oahu
If you are catching a connecting flight from Honolulu to a neighbor island, look at your baggage claim ticket to see if your luggage has been checked through to your final destination. If your baggage claim ticket reads HNL, your luggage will only go as far as Honolulu International Airport. You will need to retrieve your belongings from baggage claim and check-in your baggage for your connecting flight.
The Hawaii airport codes are:
• HNL (Honolulu, Oahu)
• ITO (Hilo, Hawaii)
• KOA (Kailua-Kona, Hawaii)
• LIH (Lihue, Kauai)
• OGG (Kahului, Maui)
• LUP (Kalaupapa Airport)
• LNY (Lanai Airport)
• MKK (Molokai Airport)
• HNM (Hana Airport)
• JHM (Kapalua Airport)
Airport and Arrival Info
Review information about your arrival experience and what to expect when you arrive at any of Hawaii's ten (10) airports, including ticketing and check-in, arrivals and baggage claim, intra-airport transportation and ground transportation, and driving directions.
Help plan your commute to the neighbor islands with these helpful tips.
Watches and warnings are prepared for the Hawaiian Islands by the National Weather Service Central Pacific Hurricane Center in Honolulu. Find out what to do in the event of an extreme weather situation.
Visitors with Special Needs
The Disability and Communication Access Board (DCAB) from the Hawaii State Department of Health has compiled a comprehensive list of Hawaii Traveler Tips for Kauai, Maui and Molokai, Oahu and Hawaii Island that includes transportation options, equipment rentals, service animals and more.